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According to the constitution of India, right to equality is a fundamental right that includes the right to equality before law, prohibition or discrimination and equality of opportunities in matters of public employment, equality between men and women, right to work, to education and to public assistance in case of unemployment, old age, sickness and disablement and provision of just and humane conditions for work and maternity relief are important directive principles of state policy.
Following the 1997 supreme court judgement in the case of Vishaka and others versus the state of Rajasthan, the Women Cell TIFR constituted in November 1997, in accordance with the mandate that it shall be the duty of the employer to prevent or deter the commission of acts of sexual harassment and to provide the procedures for the resolution, settlement or prosecution of acts or sexual harassment by taking all steps required and to be proactive by developing a conductive atmosphere on the campus, where women can work safely with dignity.
Over the last seven years TIFR Women Cell (TWC) has been dealing with casts of sexual harassment that came up, and has also been organizing awareness activities and women's welfare workshops/lectures in the light of the experience a definite need is perceived for sensitisation of the employees towards gender issues and laying down guidelines for handling cases of sexual harassment or misbehaviour. It is also felt that various policies concerning recruitment, promotion and service conditions should be reviewed to ensure that they meet high standards in the current perspective on gender issues. Even though it may be broadly agreed that the policies at TIFR have been generally progressive in the overall context of the country.