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CO2 Mitigation on Earth and Magnesium Civilization on Mars


Excessive CO2 emissions are a major cause of climate change, and hence reducing the CO2 levels in the Earth’s atmosphere is key to limit adverse environmental effects. Prof. Vivek Polshettiwar's group at Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR), Mumbai, employed magnesium to convert CO2 to methane, methanol and formic acid, using water as the sole hydrogen source. The conversion of CO2 (or air) took place within a few minutes at ambient temperature and pressure. Bubble the air in water with a pinch of magnesium and we will get fuel (methane, hydrogen etc). This process could potentially be the first step towards a magnesium-driven civilization on Mars where CO2, water (ice), and magnesium are abundant.


CO2 Mitigation on Earth and Magnesium Civilization on Mars