Nano-Sponges of Solid Acid Transforms Carbon Dioxide to Fuel and Plastic Waste to Chemicals

The primary cause of climate change is atmospheric CO2, whose levels are rising every day. There is, therefore, a great need to find ways to reduce CO2 levels. On other hand, an excessive amount of plastic waste has become a serious environmental problem. In this work, researchers dealt with both these problems at one stroke, by developing nano solid acids which transform CO2 directly to fuel (dimethyl ether) and plastic waste to chemicals [...]

Sero-surveillance: Random Community Testing to Assess Prevalence of COVID-19 Infection in Mumbai

In a joint venture between Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR), Translational Health Science and Technology Institute (THSTI, Faridabad), University of Chicago, Duke University, ATE Chandra Foundation (Mumbai), Kasturba Hospital (Mumbai) and IDFC Institute (Mumbai), under the aegis of the NITI Aayog, a pilot project was launched on 29 June 2020 to understand the extent to which the population in Mumbai has already been exposed to [...]

Discovery of long sought tiny explosions on the Sun

The mechanism responsible for heating the corona to two million degrees, especially for the quiet Sun, has remained an enduring mystery. Scientists at the National Centre for Radio Astrophysics, Pune have now found the first direct observational evidence in support of one of the proposed mechanisms for heating the quiet corona. They have discovered tiny flashes of radio light from all over the Sun, smoking guns for tiny magnetic explosions, which [...]

Closing the Carbon Cycle to Stop Climate Change

Reducing the CO2 levels in the Earth’s atmosphere is key to stopping further environmental degradation. CO2 conversion to methane (green fuel) using renewable hydrogen is considered as one of the best options with great potential for simultaneously resolving energy and environmental challenges. Unfortunately, this process needs an expensive metal or complex organometallics and most of them suffer from instability and poor [...]

Glucose acts as a double edged sword on longevity factor SIRT1

Novel discovery from TIFR shows that glucose acts as a double edge sword in regulating the functions of SIRT1. These results have been published in the journal PNAS. The study found that glucose derived cellular metabolite acted as a molecular switch to regulate both the extent and time of activity of the longevity factor, which effected gene expression and regulated metabolic flexibility in the liver. This study has immense therapeutic potential [...]