TIFR Balloon Facility, Hyderabad
TIFR Balloon Facility is a unique centre of Technology which offers complete solutions in scientific ballooning for high altitude studies. The centre has an in house balloon production facility as well as ground facilities for balloon launching and recovery operations, a control room for handling the data (telemetry) and command (telecommand) operations using S-band Telemetry, and balloon tracking capabilities.
This is the only major balloon facility in the world close to the geomagnetic equator the magnetic latitude is 8°N, with a vertical rigidity cut-off for protons at 16.8 GeV, and for higher Z particles at 7.5 GeV per nucleon.
National Facility for High-Field NMR
This is a premier NMR facility in India. It caters to research in NMR from both within TIFR and various educational institutions and industrial establishments in India. Set up in 1983 with support from Department of Science and Technology, Department of Biotechnology, and Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, Government of India, it houses state of the art NMR spectrometers and other related facilities. The facility currently houses a Bruker 800MHz spectormeter , Varian 600 MHz spectrometer, Avance Bruker 500MHz spectormeter wide bore spectrometer and newly procured Bruker 700MHz spectrometer. While the 800MHz & 600MHz are exclusively a solution-state NMR spectrometer, the 500MHz & 700MHz can be used for both solid-state NMR and solution-state NMR with in-vivo works.
Giant Metrewave Radio Telescope (GMRT)
NCRA has set up a unique facility for radio astronomical research using the metrewavelengths range of the radio spectrum, known as the Giant Metrewave Radio Telescope (GMRT), it is located at a site about 80 km north of Pune. GMRT consists of 30 fully steerable gigantic parabolic dishes of 45m diameter each spread over distances of upto 25 km. GMRT is one of the most challenging experimental programmes in basic sciences undertaken by Indian scientists and engineers.
Low Temperature Facility
Low Temperature Facility of Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, (TIFR) Mumbai meets the requirement of two cryogenic fluids - liquid helium and liquid nitrogen along with other support services to various facilities and laboratories of the institute such as, Condensed Matter Physics and Materials Science (DCMP & MS), Nuclear and Atomic Physics (DNAP), Biological Sciences (DBS), Astronomy and Astrophysics (DAA), and Chemical Sciences (DCS). Low Temperature Facility (LTF) was started in 1961 with liquefaction of helium and then a liquid nitrogen generator was added in 1968. LTF operates and maintains the 1610 KOCH make helium liquefier and LINIT-25, liquid nitrogen generator. To meet the enhanced liquid helium demand, LTF recently installed Linde make, L-280 Helium liquefier along with the state of the art liquid helium transfer pump system. The above new L280 helium liquefier was commissioned in the month of May 2008 and is in regular operation till date.
Pelletron Linac Facility
The Pelletron Accelerator, set up as a collaborative project between the Bhabha Atomic Research Centre and the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, has been serving as a major facility for heavy ion accelerator based research in India since its commissioning in December 1988. Several advanced experimental facilities have also been established at this centre to pursue research in nuclear, atomic, condensed matter physics and interdisciplinary areas. A number of application based research programmes have also been taken up using this accelerator.
The research work in nuclear physics, which forms the main thrust of activities at this facility, covers areas of nuclear structure studies at high angular momentum and excitation energies and the heavy ion reaction dynamics. The accelerator has now completed 20 years of successful operation, catering to a large community of scientists in the country. While the majority of the researchers at this facility are from BARC and TIFR, the experimental community encompasses scientists and students from other research centres and universities within and outside the country. These past years have been scientifically stimulating and very productive. More than 80 Ph.D. theses and over 500 publications in refereed international journals including 15 publications in Physical Review Letters have resulted from the research activities in this laboratory.
Very High Energy Gamma Ray Astronomy, Pachmarhi/Hanle
Gamma-ray astronomy gives a perspective of the non-thermal universe which complements panoramic views from other spectral windows. The subjects of very high energy gamma-rays are the most energetic objects and phenomena in the Universe. Gamma ray pulsars, supernova remnants and active galactic nuclei are some of the major sources of high energy gamma rays. These powerful cosmic sources and violent events are studied in order to understand nature at its ultimate limits.
High energy gamma-ray astronomy can be carried out from ground using a technique called atmospheric Cherenkov light. When the gamma-rays hit the atmosphere, they generate a cascade of fast electrons and positrons, called extensive air showers. These charged fast particles cause the emission of Cherenkov light as they travel down the atmosphere. This feeble Cherenkov light can be detected on the ground on clear moonless nights using large area mirrors.
TIFR established an array of 24 telescopes (called PACT) for gamma-ray astronomy using the atmospheric Cherenkov technique was established at Pachmarhi. Another array of 7 telescopes (called HAGAR) was recently built at Hanle in Ladakh at an altitude of 4300 m. This project, started as a TIFR-IIA collaboration currently includes groups from BARC, IIA and TIFR. A telescope placed at high altitude helps in reducing the energy threshold of the detectable gamma-rays. HAGAR will observe the energy region of about a 100 GeV or more, while the energy threshold of PACT is about 850 GeV. The telescopes used in these arrays were designed and fabricated indigenously.
India-based Neutrino Observatory
The India-based Neutrino Observatory (INO) Project is a multi-institutional effort aimed at building a world-class underground laboratory with a rock cover of approx.1200 m for non-accelerator based high energy and nuclear physics research in India. The project includes (a) construction of an underground laboratory and associated surface facilities at Pottipuram in Bodi West hills of Theni District of Tamil Nadu, (b) construction of a Iron Calorimeter (ICAL) detector for studding neutrinos, consisting of 50000 tons of magnetized iron plates arranged in stacks with gaps in between where Resistive Plate Chambers (RPCs) would be inserted as active detectors, the total number of 2m X 2m RPCs being around 29000, and (c) setting up of National Centre for High Energy Physics at Madurai, for the operation and maintenance of the underground laboratory, human resource development and detector R&D along with its applications. The underground laboratory, consisting of a large cavern of size 132m X 26m X 20m and several smaller caverns, will be accessed by a 2100 m long and 7.5 m wide tunnel.
Radio Astronomy Centre (RAC), Ooty
The Radio Astronomy Centre (RAC) is part of the National Centre for Radio Astrophysics (NCRA) of the well-known Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR) which is funded by the Government of India through the Department of Atomic Energy. The RAC is situated near Udhagamandalam (Ooty) in the the beautiful surroundings of the Nilgiri Hills and it provides stimulating environment for the front-line research in radio astronomy and astrophysics with its excellent and highly qualified staff and international reputations.
Gravitation Laboratory, Gauribidanur
Centres outside main campus
Centre for Applicable Mathematics (CAM), Bangalore
The TIFR Centre in Bangalore is a part of the School of Mathematics of the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai. The Centre arose and evolved through efforts of the School, since the mid-seventies, to develop areas in applicable mathematics. Over the period, a sizable group of mathematicians was built at the Centre with expertise in the general area. Many of renowned mathematicians from India and abroad have contributed to the development of the Centre.
Research at advanced level is currently pursued at the Centre in both theoretical and numerical aspects of differential equations, especially in the following topics:
Homi Bhabha Centre for Science Education (HBCSE), Mumbai
Homi Bhabha Centre for Science Education (HBCSE) is a National Centre of the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR), Mumbai. The broad goals of the Centre are to promote equity and excellence in science and mathematics education from primary school to undergraduate college level, and encourage the growth of scientific literacy in the country.
International Centre for Theoretical Sciences (ICTS), Bangalore
The International Centre for Theoretical Sciences (ICTS) of the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research was founded in 2007. It is conceived to contribute to the growth of excellence in the basic sciences through its programs, interactions and cross-fertilization between disciplines. It will foster research, be a resource for high level education and training and a node for scientific information and values.
National Centre for Biological Sciences (NCBS), Bangalore
The National Centre for Biological Sciences (NCBS), located in Bangalore, is part of the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research. The mandate of NCBS is fundamental research in the frontier areas of biology. Our research interests range from the study of single molecules to ecology and evolution. In addition we engage in a number of collaborative initiatives, such as inStem and the iBio; and we help to develop cutting edge instrumentation and software via C-CAMP.
National Centre for Radio Astrophysics (NCRA), Pune
The national Centre for radio astrophysics (NCRA) of the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR) is a leading centre for research in a wide range of areas in astronomy and astrophysics. NCRA also offers axciting opportunities to work in technical aspects relevant for radio astronomy such as analog and digital electronics, signal processing, antenna design, communication and software development.
NCRA has built and operates the Giant Metrewave Radio Telescope (GMRT) which is located approximately 80 km north of pune, India and is the most powerful radio telescope operating at low radio frequncies. It is a national facility and is being used b astronomers across the world, leading to several significant discoveries. NCRA has also built and operates the Ooty Radio Telescope (ORT) which is a large cylindrical telescope located near Udhagamandalam, India.
TIFR Centre for Interdisciplinary Sciences (TCIS), Hyderabad
The TIFR Centre for Interdisciplinary Sciences (TCIS) is the first centre of TIFR Hyderabad. TCIS faculty are young and dynamic, and drawn from all the three major branches of the natural sciences and engineering. Nearly a hundred graduate students, postdoctoral fellows and scientific staff already work here on research topics that are carefully chosen across the life sciences, chemistry, physics and materials sciences. Substantial experimental efforts have commenced using tools of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR), Laser Sciences, Condensed Matter Physics, Synthetic and Biological Chemistry, Cell and Developmental Biology. These experimental efforts are well complemented by wide-ranging theoretical approaches in both Physics and Chemistry. This well-rounded, multi-pronged approach has distinct merits – around the world there is increasing cognizance of the fact that some of the most interesting research in solving human problems is done at the frontiers of disciplines using tools from various streams to comprehensively address a scientific question. The department-less structure at TCIS allows scientists to truly understand, engage in and contribute to each other’s research in ways that cannot be possible in the best of other research institutes in the country. This truly presents a unique opportunity in the context of Indian science.