Title :

Rational Design of Functional Materials: A Chemist's Approach

Abstract :


Functional materials have assumed prominent position in several high tech areas. Such materials are not classified on the basis of their origin, nature of bonding or processing techniques but are classified on the basis of functions which they can perform.  The synthesis of such materials has been a challenge and also opportunity to chemists. New functional materials can be designed by interplay of synthesis and crystallographic structure. Other approaches for design of these materials are defects engineering and concepts of hybrids. Unconventional synthetic routes play an important role in this direction as many of these new materials are metastable and hence it is not possible to prepare them by conventional solid state synthesis.  We have prepared [1-18] a number of new functional materials guided by crystallographic approach coupled with novel synthesis protocols. Some typical materials which will be discussed in this talk are La1-xCexCrO3 (materials with tunable band gap and magnetic properties), CeScO3 (with unusual reversible conversion to fluorite lattice), Gd1-xYxInO3, GdSc1-xInxO3, YIn1-xFexO3 (tunable dielectrics) and several lead free relaxor materials. Perovskite and fluorite-type materials with trivalent Ce3+ were successfully prepared from suitable precursor powders by a controlled heating under low pO2. Several interesting pyrochlore based oxygen storage materials, viz. Ce2Zr2O7+x (x = 0.0 to 1.0), Gd2-xCexZr2O7 andGd2-xCexZr2-xAlxO7 (x = 0.0 to 2.0) have been prepared, which have shown interesting redox catalysis. The simple concepts like rA/rB ratio of A2B2O7 pyrochlores could be used to tailor the functional properties. The major focus of this talk will be on the role of synthesis, novel properties exhibited by these functional materials, and their crystallographic correlation.




Our recent publications in the field functional materials


[1]  Chem. Mater. 21 (2009) 125

[2]  J. Phys. Chem. C 113 (2009) 12663

[3]  Inorg. Chem. 48 (2009) 11691


[4]  Inorg. Chem. 49 (2010) 10415


[5]  Inorg. Chem 49 (2010) 1152


[6]  Chem.- A Eur. J.17 (2011) 12310


[7]  Chem. Mater. 24 (2012) 2186


[8]  Analysts 137 (2012) 760


 [9]   Nano Letters 12 (2012) 3025


 [10]      J. Phys. Chem C 117 (2013) 10929


[11]  J. Phys. Chem. C  117 (2013) 2382


[12]  Inorg. Chem. 52 (2013) 7873


[13]  Inorg. Chem. 52  (2013) 13179


[14]  J. Mater. Chem. C, 1 (2013) 3710


[15]  J. Phys. Chem. C 118 (2014) 20819


[16]  Inorg. Chem. 53 (2014) 10101


[17]  Dalton Transaction 44 (2015) 10628