Department of Chemical Sciences
School of Natural Sciences

July 22, 2019 at 4.00 pm in AG-69

Title :

Can EPR be used to probe solid-liquid phase transitions in confined systems?

Abstract :

Study of systems such as water under confined conditions is actively pursued because of its relevance to real systems, such as cells, microorganisms, etc. In this regard, EPR spectroscopy offers a convenient route due to its excellent sensitivity to micro viscosity and penetrability power.  When used as a probe-based spectroscopy, however, the probe-system interactions need to be thoroughly examined beforehand. In this work, we consider a specific property: solid⇌liquid transition of water, and ask a fundamental question, “Can EPR detect the freezing of water at its conventional freezing point in bulk/confined conditions?”   Our work convincingly demonstrates that the spin probe can itself induce liquid domains in ice, which could be mistaken as a depression in the freezing point. We propose a theory to account for these solute induced perturbations. Finally, it will be discussed how the proposed theory can be applied to the extreme dilution case of a solution containing a single solute molecule.   


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2.Thangswamy, M.; Maheshwari, P.; Dutta, D.; Rane, V.*; Pujari, P. K. J. Phys. Chem. C 2019, 123, 11244-11256.